This report captures the results from a performance evaluation of the Yemen Economic Stabilization and Success Program (YESS) funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This section includes a brief outline of the evaluation findings and recommendations, with reference to a more complete discussion of the program background, evaluation questions, methodology, and full findings in the full report. This summary is intended to be a quick reference to evaluation conclusions and has limited reference to data collection and discussion of findings.
Transport makes an impact across SDGs, encompassing climate change, health, inequality and sustainability. It is also an area in which individ- uals are able to make decisions which have potential to collectively contribute to significant and wide-ranging benefits. Governments and authorities need citi- zens to make changes towards adopting sustainable transport behaviours and behaviour change interventions are being used as tools to foster changes in travel choices, towards more sustainable modes. Blockchain technology has the potential to bring new levels of scale to transport behaviour change interven- tions, but a rigorous approach to token design is required. This paper uses a sur- vey of research projects and use cases to analyse current applications of block- chain technology in transport behaviour change interventions, and identifies barriers and limitations to achieving targeted change at scale. The paper draws upon these findings to outline a research agenda that brings a focus on correlat- ing specific Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) to token design, and defines processes for standardising token designs in behaviour change tools. The paper further outlines architecture and operational considerations for blockchain- based platforms in behaviour change interventions, such that design choices do not compromise opportunities or wider environmental goals.
Full paper can be found at: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2104.01852.pdf